The Salema is a paleontological site of the upper Pleistocene (between 126,000 and 12,000 years before the present). More than 300 skeletal remains belonging to large quaternary mammals such as the brown bear (Ursus arctos), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), leopard (Panthera pardus), wild horses (Equus sp.), Cervids (cf. Cervidae), chamois (Rupicapra sp.) And goats (Capra sp.).
The site is of great importance for Paleontology because of the great fauna diversity found, but it is also important for Archeology because during the event of greatest bone deposition, the current regions of the north of the province of Alicante were inhabited by Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) , whose presence has been demonstrated thanks to the lithic industry of Musterian culture found in sites near Facheca, such as the Paleolithic deposits of Salt or Abric del Pastor in Alcoi.
The remains found can be seen in the Paleontological Museum of the Ciències d’Alcoi.